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Everglades Research and Education Center

Everglades Research and Education Center

Elderberry (Sambucus Canadensis)

Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family) 

Group: Dicot (Broadleaf)

Deciduous, sprawling, thicket-forming woody shrub native of North America. It is a perennial plant commonly found in disturbed and non-crop areas.

Leaves are opposite, on stalks, and twice divided with odd numbers of leaflets (5 to 11). Leaflets are elliptic and pointed at each end with teeth on the margin. 

Stem is woody, erect, with herbaceous new growth, 8 to 12 feet tall, spreading outward up to 10 feet forming dense thickets.

Flowers are white, creamy to gray and lemon-scented. Fruits are round, fleshy, blue to black, and showy.

Roots an extensive mass from a deep taproot.

Propagation is by seed or rhizomes (suckers).