Lettuce Cultivar Development & Genetics Program
Situation or Issue Identification
The primary goal of this program is to develop adapted crisphead (iceberg and boston), cos (romaine) and leaf lettuce cultivars for crop production in the Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA). Desired qualities are improved yield potential, host plant resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses, and good postharvest quality, taste, and shelf-life. A secondary goal is to investigate and identify novel leafy vegetables that may be suitable for the soils of the EAA. Genetic information developed and utilized in this program is part of an international collaboration among researchers to improve lettuce production worldwide. We study the inheritance of desirable crop traits and develop methods to assimilate them into our adapted genetic pool.
Rationale for Research Support Resources
Lettuce is among the top ten vegetable crops planted in the USA. Lettuce has been designated as a “specialty crop”, one of the eligible vegetables cultivated or managed and used by people for food, medicinal purposes, and/or aesthetic gratification. The State of Florida ranks third in national production of lettuce as a crop. Considered a “winter vegetable”, Florida lettuce is planted from October to April, is harvested from November to May, and represents a 50 to 60 million dollar industry to the growers of the EAA. The crop also serves as a valuable rotation crop for sugar cane, the largest crop commodity in the EAA.
Measurable or Potential Impact in Terms of Social, Economic, and/or environmental Factors Resulting from Expenditure of Research Support Funds
Historically, the University of Florida Lettuce Breeding Program has contributed greatly to the state’s lettuce industry by providing better adapted cultivars to the EAA. Over 70% of the lettuce currently grown in Florida is a direct result of this breeding program. Additionally, University of Florida lettuce cultivars have been used both nationally and internationally to develop improved, modern lettuce cultivars. One prime example is ‘Tall Guzmaine’, a romaine cultivar developed by Dr. Victor Guzman. Approximately 24% of romaine cultivars developed by other universities and/or seed companies now contain Tall Guzmaine in their genetic background.
Collaborating Organizations/Agencies & Teaching/Research/Extension Partnerships
University of Florida Collaborators
- Dr. Germán Sandoya – Plant Breeding / Horticultural Sciences Department
- Dr. Richard Raid – EREC – Plant Pathology Department
- Dr. Jehangir Bhadha – EREC – Soil and Water Sciences
- Dr. Steve Sargent – Horticultural Sciences Department
- Dr. Guodong (David) Liu – Horticultural Sciences Department
- Dr. Marcio Resende – Horticultural Sciences Department
- Christian Miller - UF/IFAS Palm Beach County Cooperative Extension
- General Management Growers Inc
- Duda Food Express
- Roth Farms
- VegPro International
- 3 Star Lettuce-Seed Company (California)
- Drs. Richard Michelmore and Maria J. Truco. The Michelmore Lab – University of California, Davis
- Drs. Ivan Simko, Beiquan Mou and Jim McCreight – USDA-ARS Salinas, CA
- Dr. Carolee Bull – The Pennsylvania State University